Dentures (also known as false teeth) is a removable dental appliance replacement for missing teeth and surrounding tissue. They are made to closely resemble your natural teeth and may even enhance your smile.
There are two types – complete and partial. Complete dentures are used when all of the teeth are missing, while partial dentures are used when some natural teeth remain. A Partial denture not only fills in the spaces created by missing teeth, but it also prevents other teeth from shifting.
A Complete denture may be either “conventional” or “immediate.” A conventional type is made after the teeth have been removed and the gum tissue has healed, usually taking 4 to 6 weeks. During this time the patient will go without teeth. Immediate dentures are made in advance and immediately placed after the teeth are removed, thus preventing the patient from having to be without teeth during the healing process. Once the tissues shrink and heal, adjustments will have to be made.
They are very durable appliances and will last many years, but may have to be remade, repaired, or readjusted due to normal wear.
The process of getting dentures requires several appointments, usually over several weeks. On your first appointment, we will assess your needs and thoroughly examine your mouth for suitability. Some of your existing teeth may need to be extracted first or you may need treatment to get your gums into good health before commencing any treatment. The procedure begins with a wax bite impression (mold) of your mouth and gums that will give your dentist exact measurements to fabricate dentures that will fit your exact specifications. Several “try-on” appointments may be necessary to fine-tune proper shape, colour, and fit.
It is normal to experience increased saliva flow, some soreness, and possible speech and chewing difficulty. However, this will subside as your muscles and tissues get used to the new dentures.
You will be given care instructions for your new dentures. Proper cleaning of your new dental appliance, good oral hygiene, and regular dental visits will aid in the life of your new dentures.
Those who have lost their teeth find both functional and aesthetic benefits from dentures. Well-made dentures allow the wearer to enjoy all kinds of food, whereas missing teeth or poor dentures significantly restrict chewing ability. They also support the lips and cheeks, improving the appearance of a patient who has lost his or her natural teeth.
They are custom-designed to fit each patient’s mouth, and skill and patience are required to create an effective pair. If they are poorly made they can cause significant discomfort and erode the gums and bones of the jaw, leading to greater dental problems. A combination of implants and removable pieces are often the best option. Additionally, they can help strengthen muscles controlling the expressions that require the support of your teeth, rid you of pronunciation problems caused by missing teeth, and aid with chewing.